The effects of excess alcohol on your body

Taking too much/excess alcohol on a single occasion or regular alcohol intake over a long period of time has a way of interrupting the normal physiology and anatomy of your body.

First let’s define excess alcohol intake

Excess alcohol intake is When an adult male takes more than 4 units of alcohol in a day, or daily,it is also When an adult female takes more than 3 units of alcohol in a day,or daily.How to calculate units of alcohol

MeasurementAlcohol %Units of alcohol
A pint(568ml) of beer (4%)2.3units
A small bottle(330ml) of beer(5%)1.6units
A pint of cider(4.5%)2.6units
A glass(175ml) of wine(13%)2.3units
A glass(125ml)of champagne(12%)1.5units
A single(25ml) spirits(40%)1.0unit
A bottle(275ml) of alcopop(4%)1.1units

Now you can do the remaining calculation, If you take two bottles of 5%beer That’s 3.2units Which is Okay for an adult male But not Okay for an adult female.
Anything close to 8units for an adult male and 6units for an adult female poses an increasing risk effects peculiar to excess alcohol intake which are:

1) Interruption with the normal functioning of the brain.


Alcohol interferes with neurotransmission of the brain, that is, it disrupt the way a normal person thinks and makes decision,it also affects ones balance Since the cerebellum is also affected and that’s the part of the brain involved in balance,which causes staggering.

2)Excess alcohol affects the normal structure and function of the heart.


Cardiac(heart) muscles are weakened and stretched due to the effects of excess alcohol, this condition is known as cardiomyopathy, excess alcohol intake can also cause irregular heart beats known as arrhythmia, it also predisposes someone to stroke and high blood pressure.

It would also interest you to know that a moderate intake of alcohol protects healthy adults from developing coronary heart disease.

3)Disruption of the structure and function of the liver


As time goes, the level of damage to your liver due to excess alcohol intake increases,up to the point of irreversible recovery of the disease. Liver conditions such as Fatty liver(steatosis), liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and alcoholic hepatitis(inflammation of the liver) are due to the damaging effects of excess alcohol intake.

4) Excess alcohol can also cause damage to the pancreas.


Excess alcohol intake causes the pancreas to produce toxic substances Which could lead to pancreatitis an inflamed condition of the pancreas,and When the pancreas is inflamed, it won’t be able to produce essential hormones(like insulin) needed in the body Which could lead to other diseases due to insulin deficiency like type 1 diabetes mellitus.

5)It increases the risk of cancer.
Cancer of the mouth,throat,oesophagus,liver and breast,among other things.

Be the judge: is the fun of getting drunk daily really worth the risks involved?

Post Author: Dr Dee

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